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During the 1st and 2nd week of pregnancy, the baby has yet to be conceived. The pregnancy finally starts as the female body gets ready for ovulation and prepares for fertilization.
Common symptoms in week 1 and 2
In the first few weeks of pregnancy, a woman is expected to encounter the following common symptoms:
During the first week of pregnancy, expect to bleed for atleast 5-7 days. This will be the last menstrual period for the meantime. Additionally, the menstrual cycle will be postponed for another set of months when a mother breastfeeds the baby.
Increased cervical mucus
First the mucus will be thick and sticky, but as a woman head on to the conception day the volume gradually becomes cloudy.
During the TTC (trying to conceive) months of the couple, the consistency of the cervical mucus changes from week after week.Pregnancy week by week
The last menstrual period (LMP)
Did you know that women have 25% possibility of getting pregnant every menstrual cycle? Once the pregnancy cycle starts, the monthly menstrual cycle ends (as of now). Below is the process of how a menstrual cycle ends once a woman becomes pregnant:
- Uterine lining begins to shed and takes the last month’s unfertilized egg (menstruation)
- Then the FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) starts to take place. This hormone stimulates the hormone to mature immediately. Each of which contains an egg and every month, a single follicle becomes dominant. The dominant follicle then triggers the ovulation. Take note, that it is the perfect time to get pregnant when a woman is ovulating.
- As the follicles mature, these will start producing the estrogen hormones. The estrogen thickens the uterine lining and it also produce the LH (luteinizing hormone)
- These luteinizing hormones helps the egg from the most mature follicle burst through the ovarian wall (ovulation)
- Afterwards, the dominant sperm starts to fertilize the egg
Calculating the due date
To understand when a woman is primed for pregnancy, doctors begin right after the LMP date. This is because everytime a menstrual period occurs is a potential pregnancy. Thus, it is the perfect time to start the countdown of the baby’s due date.
The best way to calculate when will the due date be is by means of the LMP. Below is the proper way of calculating the due date:
- Start from the day right after the last menstrual period
- Then count 40 weeks from now
On the contrary, take note that the end of the last menstrual period before pregnancy takes place, does not necessarily mean that a woman is certainly pregnant. Only an ultrasound can give an accurate result of the baby’s exact arrival date.
First week of pregnancy
Always remember that every pregnancy is unique and the baby’s growth rate varies. Also, the first week of pregnancy is a bit confusing since this does not necessarily indicate that the prenancy will progress.
The female body is already preparing for the baby’s place. Here’s what happens inside a woman’s reproductive organ during the first week of pregnancy:
- The lining of her uterus starts to thicken in anticipation of the fertilized egg.
- Then the fertilized egg is implanted in the uterus.
- Once the egg is implanted, expect to experience blood spotting which is called implantation. This is like a menstrual period, only lighter.
Preparation for pregnancy
Preparing for pregnancy takes a lot of discipline to ensure that it will progress successfully and the baby to be conceived healthily. To jumpstart a healthy pregnancy, a woman is necessarily required to do the following:
Stop the vices (smoking and drinking alcohol)
A pregnant woman is strictly prohibited from consuming alcoholic beverages and smoking cigarettes. These vices negatively affects a woman’s fertility and it is also very harmful for the unborn baby.
Remember that when a mother smokes, so does her baby. Additionally, second-hand smoke can cause problems to the baby.
Same as with alcohol, when a mother drinks alcohol, so does her baby. Alcohol interrupts the baby’s development. Furthermore, excessive alcohol intake can cause fetal alcohol syndrome or fetal alcohol effects. These can cause a lifetime of physical, mental, and neurobehavioral birth defects.
If a woman who drinks alcohol is not aware tof her pregnancy, she should stop drinking immediately once she is aware that she is pregnant.
Avoid taking recreational drugs
Consumption of recreational drugs is definitely harmful for the mother and the unborn baby. Below are the harmful effects of illegal drugs:
- Low birth weight
- Preterm labor
- Placental abruption
- Fetal death
- Maternal death
Avoid eating artificial sweeteners
Do not eat or drink food and beverages which contains artificial sweeteners. These include pastries, soft drinks, desserts, and candies.
Artifical sweeteners contains calories which add up to a woman’s weight. Gaining too much during pregnancy is not good. That is why if a woman is tempted to eat these types of food, she must always remember to eat in moderation.
Below are the following artificial sweeteners to avoid during pregnancy:
On the other hand, there are some sweeteners which are definitely safe to consume during pregnancy. It is called or known as the nutritive sweeteners, which does not contain any calories at all. These nutritives are safe to consume since they are not adding excess gain weight.
Below are some of the following nutritive sweeteners:
- Stevia (Rebaudioside A)
- Sunett (Acesulfame Potassium)
However, women who suffer from carbohydrate intolerance must limit their consumption of any type of sweeteners.
Stop drinking coffee during pregnancy. According to The National Infertility Association, caffeine hinders a woman’s fertility.
Take heed that caffeine is not only found in coffee, below are the following which includes the said ingredient:
- OTC (over-the-counter) headache relievers
Did you know that caffeine can cause a lot of harmful effects on both parties. Below are the following:
- Increases the risk of high blood pressure and heart attack
- Disrupts the developing baby’s sleep patterns and normal movements. Take note that coffee is a stimulant, this can keep both the mother and the baby inside the womb awake.
- Causes birth deformities to the developing baby
- Triggers premature labor
- Reduces fertility/ causes infertility
- Can cause miscarriage
- Can cause various reproductive complications
However, if a pregnant woman really cannot resist drinking coffee, she must drink moderately. She must remember to drink 150-300 mg of coffee only to avoid triggering the harmful effects.
In some cases, 300 mg a day is too much. The less caffeine consumption, the better.
Begin a healthy prenatal diet
Begin eating healthy foods and beverages such as vegetables and fruits.
Eating oranges during pregnancy is the natural counterpart of taking folic acid everyday.
The baby is still about 2 weeks away from his/her conception date during week 1.
Second week of pregnancy
The second week of pregnancy is very expensive due to the monthly appointments. It is when a woman is required to consult a doctor so that she is aware of her body and her baby’s health condition.
During the second week of pregnancy, the mother just finished her last menstrual cycle. Below are the following things a mother goes through during week 2:
- At this point, expect that the vaginal discharge will be thick and acidic (an unwanted place for a sperm cell)
- The body temperature becomes normal as the egg cell ripens inside the ovaries. The egg cell is now ready to be released next week
- About 14 days after the LMS, the female reproductive system starts to ovulate
- The ovary finally releases one fertilized egg. Then the released egg moves down the fallopian tube
- The fertilized egg will finally meet the succeeding sperm
Requires medical attention
Having some medical attention is required during the 2nd week. Expect to undergo through monthly check-ups and countless pregnancy problems may arise. But before that, follow the precautionary measures below in searching for a credible doctor:
- A doctor’s gender plays a deciding factor for some women. So it is important to choose a doctor’s gender to whom she is most comfortable
- Does she prefer an Ob-Gyn? A family practitioner? Or a midwife?
- Know what type of care she wants
Get some recommendations
Ask some friends or relatives if they have someone they can recommend. Ask what they like and what they do not like about their recommended health care provider.
Inquire with some providers
Visit some providers to determine whom she is most comfortable talking with.
The baby may have not conceived yet, however the mother’s body is still gearing up for a potential pregnancy.
Pregnancy tips for 1 and 2 week of pregnancy
Schedule a pre-conception appointment
Talk to a doctor during the stage of pre-conception. This is necessary to be able to know the genetic, environmental, and lifestyle hazards that may harm the mother and the baby.
Take prenatal vitamins
Do not forget to take prenatal vitamins such as 400 micrograms of folic acid daily. This aids in preparing the body for pregnancy. Plus it nourishes the baby’s brain and spinal cord.
Also, always remember to consult the doctor to determine which medicines are safe for both the mother and the baby. May it be herbal, prescription, or OTC (over-the-counter) meds.
Did you know that women who are stressed takes 29% longer for them to get pregnant? So it is better for her to start doing relaxation activities like:
- Reading books
It is important to engage in exercises during pregnancy. Exercise aids in stimulating the blood and gives the baby some access to oxygen.
How the heat impacts fertility
According to some studies, the male body’s exposure to prolonged excessive heat impacts their fertility. Heat affects the production of sperm inside the testes.
How a saliva affects fertility
Did you know that the saliva alone can actually kill the life of a sperm? So, refrain from having oral sex before intercourse.