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In the 15th week of pregnancy, some symptoms in the first trimester are gone. However, new symptoms are expect to arise this week. Apart from that, the baby is completely developed and what he does is just continue to mature.
The mother in week 15
During the 15th week, a mother feels very energized unlike the previous weeks of feeling very weak. Her pregnancy is also obvious since the baby is growing rapidly in the 2nd trimester.
Week 15 symptoms
The gums tend to be tender and swollen during pregnancy, specifically in the 15th week. Therefore, her gums are prone to bleeding. This is also caused by the pregnancy hormones. It also makes the mouth more vulnerable to infections, bacteria and plaque.
In addition to that, below are the following oral diseases which are prone during pregnancy:Pregnancy week by week
- Tooth decay
Pregnancy hormones tend to relax the esophageal valve (muscles at the top of her stomach) which prevents digestive acids from seeping back up. Thus, the occurrence of pregnancy-induced heartburns.
Aside from that, the growing uterus (which takes up the space of the abdominal cavity) pressures the stomach and pushes food intake back up towards the throat.
Bloating, burping, farting
The relaxin and progesterone relaxes the gastrointestinal tract which slows down digestion. This then causes the embarrassing trio: bloating, burping, and farting.
Aside from that, the expanding uterus pressures the rectum which can lead to an uncontrollable farting.
On the contrary, slow digestive process gives the nutrients more time to enter the bloodstream and reach the growing baby.
Headaches during pregnancy is also caused by hormonal fluxes. Aside that, this symptom stems from different sources such as:
- Pregnancy-induced fatigue
- Physical and emotional stress
- Extreme hunger
- Sudden caffeine withdrawal
Visible varicose veins
Varicose veins become visible due to the increased blood supply during pregnancy (to support two growing bodies). It is also caused by the expanding uterus which pressures blood vessels in the pelvic area.
Pregnancy-induced brain fog
Did you know that women who are pregnant with girls tend to be more forgetful than those who are carrying boys? Pregnancy-induced brain fog (widely known as forgetfulness) is also caused by the hormonal fluxes.
Dizziness is caused by the increased bloodflow towards the baby and vice versa. Therefore, the bloodflow drains in the brain which makes her feel dizzy.
Round ligament pain
Dull ache or stabbing pain that is felt on the lower sides of the belly is called round ligament pain. As the uterus grows, the muscles and the ligaments that support the abdominal cavity stretches and thins out.
Coughs and colds
Coughs and colds are likely to strike a pregnant woman because her immune is slightly impaired during the journey.
Oedema (sometimes called as puffiness), widely known as swollen ankles and feet is caused by too much fluid supply in the body during pregnancy.
In week 15, the milk glands are practicing in the production of colostrum. Colostrum is a protein-rich fluid which serves as a primary food for a newborn.
The baby in week 15
Below are the following step-by-step procedure which takes place in the baby’s development during week 15.
- The growing baby measures about 4.0 – 4 ½ inches and weighs around 2 – 2.5 inches. His basic bodily features are becoming more proportioned. In line with this, his legs outmeasured the arms in week 15.
- Did you know that if a pregnant woman undergoes x-ray in week 15, the baby’s skeleton would be visible as well? The x-ray is able to detect the baby’s bones. This is because the baby’s skeletal system begins to ossify.
- The baby’s joints and limbs are all moving flexibly now. In addition to that, the baby’s moving too much inside the womb. Such fetal movements include thumb sucking, breathing, swallowing, kicking, wriggling and curling toes.
- Baby’s already hiccuping. This type of activity practices his vocal cords as well.
- As of now, the baby’s skin is super thin. It appears translucent where his blood vessels can be seen through.
- The baby’s head is covered by a lanugo – a fine and soft hair. It is the baby’s primary hair to sprout by the fetal hair follicles.
- The baby’s eyes and ears continues to move on their respective locations. As of now, the ears are already positioned at the sides of his head. The ears were placed from the neck before. His eyes are already on the front of the face. The eyes were placed from the sides of the head before.
- His lips and taste buds are fully formed. Similar to that, did you know that female fetuses tend to create more mouth movements compare to male fetuses?
Pregnancy tips for week 15
Since the baby is fully formed and his bodily features are fully functioning, a pregnant woman must still take care of her pregnancy to prevent the risks of birth defects.
Things to do during the 15th week of pregnancy
Multiple marker screening
A multiple marker screening is a blood test which is necessary to undergo during week 15. This screening checks the substances in her bloodstream to detect if any of which may cause birth defects.
Amniocentesis is a diagnostic procedure which detects if a developing baby is at risk from fetal genetic abnormalities, such as Down syndrome.
This pre-natal test is performed by a physician who will collect a sample of amniotic fluid from the mother. Amniocentesis is required to take in week 15.
Chorionic villus sampling
Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) is similar to amniocentesis. However, a physician insters a thin, plastic tube through the vagina to collect a sample of placental tissue.
Spend a babymoon
Before the new member of the family arrives, it is necessary for a couple to spend some quality time (babymoon) for awhile.
Spend a day at the spa
Week 15 is the best time so spend a day at the spa. This is because the symptomatic weeks are over so it is safe for a pregnant woman to visit a spa.
When looking for a spa, try to find the ones where the staff are experienced in taking care of pregnant women. Plus, if they have massages that are specialized for mothers-to-be. Inform the staff as well on how many weeks pregnant a mother is.
Spending a day at the spa brings so much benefits such as:
- Eases backache
- Relaxes stiff shoulders
- Eases sore hips
- Stimulates endorphins
- Makes her relaxed and feeling fresh
Drinking plenty of water is necessary during pregnancy. Staying hydrated enables the female body to support pregnancy. Aside that below are the following benefits of having enough water intake:
- Prevents constipation (colon congestion)
- Avoids pregnancy-induced heartburns
- Prevents urinary tract infection (UTI)
Since the muscles tend to relax during pregnancy, practice eating frequently. Opt for small several meals throughout the day, everyday.
Get plenty of Vitamin-C
Have plenty of Vitamin-C during pregnancy. Vitamin-C strengthens the gums and reduces the occurrences of bleeding.
Get plenty of calcium
Have plenty of calcium during pregnancy. Calcium strengthens the teeth and bones.
Maintain a good oral hygiene
It is necessary for a pregnant woman to maintain a good oral hygiene. Brush the teeth thoroughly as well as the tongue. Did you know that it is not only the teeth that needs brushing? A thoroughly brushed tongue minimizes the occurrence of mouth sores.
When going through a sensitive mouth during pregnancy, opt for the following oral necessities:
- Toothbrush with soft bristles
- Mint-flavored mouthwash
- Waxed dental floss
Always brush the teeth before and after every meal followed by flossing and gurgling with mouthwash.
Chew on a sugarfree gum
Chew on a sugarfree gum (alternative for sweet foods) instead to keep the mouth staying dry and smelling fresh.
Apart from that, get a handful of nuts and a small chunk of cheese as well. All of which have anti-bacterial properties which alleviates mouth sensitivity.
Eat choline-rich foods
In week 15, a pregnant woman will tend to be forgetful since the brain cells decreases during this stage. To cope up with pregnancy-induced brain fog, eat choline-rich foods.
Choline is a building block for the memory-forming brain chemical named acetylcholine. This mineral helps in boosting both the mother and the baby’s brain function.
Whenever breastmilk leakage occurs, always wear breast pads to avoid wetting the clothes she wear and the sheets she lie on.
Omega-3 fatty acid-rich foods
Eating omega-3 fatty acid-rich foods is very beneficial during the 15th week. Below are the following benefits of omega-3:
- Maintains a healthy brain function
- Aids in brain development
- Fights pre-natal depression
- Lowers the risk of premature birth
- Supports eye development
For omega-3 rich food, a pregnant mother must eat on with salmon.
What to avoid in week 15
Caffeine is a diuretic which is very harmful on both parties during pregnancy. Drinking caffeine disrupts the sleeping cycle of the mother as well as the baby. Aside from coffee, below are the following food and beverages which contains caffeine:
Vices are stricly prohibited for pregnant women since it is very harmful for the growing baby. Below are the vices which she must consider avoiding:
- Smoking cigarettes
- Drinking alcoholic beverages
- Taking illegal drugs
Since the mouth is sensitive during this week, a pregnant woman must avoid eating sugary foods. Such sugary foods include:
- Dried fruits
- Chewing gum
To avoid pregnancy-induced heartburns, a pregnant woman must avoid the following:
- Highly-seasoned food
- Spicy food
- Greasy foods
- Citrus fruits
Bloating, burping, and farting still occurs in week 15. To prevent the embarrassing trio, avoid gas-inducing foods such as:
- Fried food
Ginkgo biloba may be a memory-booster, but taking this during pregnancy is proven to be unsafe. Taking this herbal supplement during pregnancy may increase the risks of bleeding. Moreover, Ginkgo also lowers blood sugar levels.