It is a feeling of uneasiness and discomfort in the upper part of the stomach with a compulsory prompts to throw up. It is usually come before vomiting. It is the feeling you have in your breadbasket when you deem you are going to disgorge the content of your stomach.
Nausea is a common condition with a sick stomach. Everyone experience the nausea. It is not an ailment but it is a sign of quite a few health troubles.
It is something that brings troubles in each one of the three parts of the body such as, pelvic organs, abdominal organs, brain, spinal fluid, and balance centers in the inner ear.
It can also be a secondary and usually adverse effect of a certain chemical changes like:
- Food poisoning– an illness caused by bacteria or substance in food can normally cause unexpected onset nausea and barfing one to six hours after partaking of contaminated food and usually last for up to two days. It is because of the toxins that was yield by bacteria in food. It happens when the food you eat is contaminated with a disease-producing substance or agent. Some examples of the bacteria are:
- Campylo bacteria
- Medications– a lot of medicines can possibly cause nausea. Medicines that are prescribed by a doctor, or those medicines that can be bought at drugstores without the need to present a prescription, or even the herbal medicines can make you feel nauseated especially when simultaneously taking several medicine. Antidepressants and chemotherapy regimens are just a few examples of drugs that usually cause nausea. Other examples of medicines that can cause nausea are:
- Pain medicines such as, opioids, hydrocodone, morphine, codeine, and oxycodone.
- Over-the-counter medicines like iron and potassium products.
- Aspirin can also cause nausea because it irritates the stomach and slows down intestinal movement.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines.
- Low blood sugar– it is also very common to feel nauseated if you have a low level of blood sugar.
- Alcohol intoxication and withdrawal – the substance of an alcohol affects the lining of your stomach as it circulates through the body. Ethanol cause dehydration by accelerating the production of urine and this dehydration can cause headaches and dry mouth that can result nausea in some people.
- Anesthesia– nausea and vomiting befalling during the first 24-48 hours after surgery is defined as Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting or PONV. It is one of the most usual after effect of anesthesia, with reported issues of 30% in all post-surgical cases and up to 80% in high-risk patients.
- Pregnancy– eight out of 10 pregnant women feel nausea during the first trimester of pregnancy especially if you are tired, hungry, stressed, and anxious. It is in fact a good sign as it is an indication that your pregnancy hormone levels are sufficient enough to sustain your baby to develop and grow. It is very rare and can be considered lucky if you don’t feel sick during the early stage of pregnancy. However, severe nausea during pregnancy which also known as Hyperemesis gravidarum in which the mother develop fluid and mineral imbalances that will endanger baby’s life or her life. Therefore, may require to undergo treatment.
- Disequilibrium– It is a dysfunction of the balance organs of the inner ear or a dysfunction of one or more parts of the central nervous system that assist to process balance and spatial information. Disequilibrium simply means imbalance or loss of equilibrium such as motion sickness and vertigo, which can lead to nausea and vomiting.
- Fear, stress, and anxiety– it can bring extra adrenaline in the body causing a lack of balance in your digestive system. It can be the cause of abnormal body function that can lead to a several stomach and intestinal issues including nausea and vomiting.
- Migraine– a painful headache preexisted by acute beating in one side of the head which pump up pressure inside the cranium consequently stirring the cerebro-spinal fluid that can result in nausea and vomiting.
- Viral gastroenteritis– an intestinal infection here you will have water diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, and sometimes fever.
Although most causes of nausea are not severe, it can be a sign of more serious medical condition. Some examples of serious illnesses that may result to nausea are:Pregnancy week by week
- Brain tumors
- Diabetic ketoacidosis
- Heart attack
- Surgical problems
- Hemorrhagic stroke
- Addisonian crisis
- Gallbladder disease
- Concussion or brain injury
- Some forms of cancer
- Other psychological illnesses
- Slow stomach emptying or gastroparesis
- Carbon monoxide poison
- Chronic fatigue syndrome
- Crohn’s disease
- Kidney failure
- Peptic ulcer
- Superior mesenteric artery syndrome
- Tullio phenomenon
You can determine the reason of nausea by knowing the frequency of its occurrence. Nausea is habitually short lived if the cause is eating rotten food, airsickness, car sickness or viral illness, the nauseous feeling usually does not last very long and should be gone within a day and should not be a cause of worry.
Consequently, identifying a disease, illness, or problem cause of protracted nausea may not be simple. All agents that directly influence nausea work through the vomiting center in the brain, contributes rise to the sensation of nausea and conforms the physical act of losing one’s lunch or vomiting.
The sign of nausea are often hard for people to set out. It does not cause pain to your body but gives you a very uncomfortable feeling in the upper abdomen, back of throat, or chest. It can also associated with pain in the head, throwing up, having a whirling sensation in the head, unable to think or move in a normal way because of a weak a dizzy feeling, tummy pain, and abnormal frequent intestinal evacuations.
Nausea is usually precedes vomiting thus dehydration is another issue. Adults have a lower tendency of becoming dehydrated, because they can instantly identify the symptoms of becoming dehydrated such as thirst, and dry mouth or lips. But children have a greater possibility of becoming dehydrated, particularly if they too have diarrhea.
Since small children usually cannot convey symptoms of dehydration, it is important that the adult caring for the sick children is aware of the visible signs of dehydration such as, acting tired, sunken eyes, cool skin, fewer tears when crying, rapid pulse and breathing, dry lips and mouth, and infrequent urination. Also be aware of the soft spot on top of the baby’s head or fontanelle which is sunken if dehydrated. Therefore, you should ensure to get the child to drink. Even if vomiting continues, the child still absorbs some of the liquids given to her.
How to get rid of nausea
It is best to understand first the cause of nausea before deciding which of most appropriate treatment you should take. But whether it is related to pregnancy, cancer, migraine, etc. natural remedies can give you some relief. Let me share with you some do it yourself natural treatments:
- Ginger- it is being used by the Chinese to treat a severe digestive illnesses and pain issues for more than 2,000 years now. It is an excellent treatment for nausea, especially in pregnancy. It promotes secretion of various digestive enzymes that neutralize stomach acid. You can take it in the form of ale, tea, capsule, or even raw. Use raw ginger in cooking or you can eat it as candy.
- Peppermint is also great for treating nausea. Peppermint is available in the form of tea, capsule, or essential oil. This is also safe during pregnancy, where drug interaction is critical and a lot of drugs need to be avoided.
- Aromatherapy can help remove scents that maybe contributing to your nausea and adds scents that promote relief, such as peppermint oil, lemon, ginger, spearmint, and cardamom essential oil. It is way effective than smelling isopropyl alcohol. In just a drop or two on a tissue, inhale the scent when you are nauseated or put it in an essential oil diffuser.
- Drink water, broths, or sports drinks.
- Avoid fried, spicy, and greasy foods.
- Consume little, frequent amount of meals and eat them slowly.
- Eat only light, bland foods, like crackers, plain bread, oats, bananas and chicken soup.
- Avoid smoking.
- Avoid caffeinated colas, coffees, and teas.
- Avoid vexatious odors like smokes, colognes and perfumes, etc.
- Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages.
- Bismuth sub-salicylate, Pepto-Bismol a combination of fructose, phosphoric acid, and glucose. Such drugs help by covering the breadbasket lining and counteracting stomach acid.
- Meclizine hydrochloride or Bonine, Dramamine II and Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine). Can be conducive for averting airsickness and car sickness and it also stop cell membrane in the head that set off vomiting.
- Odansetron or Zofran is also effective for nausea and vomiting.
- Pyridoine or metoclopramide is also used for treating pregnancy related nausea and vomiting.
Make sure to contact your health provider immediately in case your queasiness is connected with the following:
- Severe headache
- Very harsh abdominal pain
- Recent head injury
- If you are vomiting blood
- Feeling extremely weak
- Fever that is over 101⁰ F
- Eye pain or blurry vision
- Stiff neck or confusion
- The nausea last for more than three days and there is a potentiality of being pregnant.
- If home treatment seems to be ineffective.
- Started to show signs of dehydration after 24 hour period if adult and after a few hours if infant or child.
- If the infant or child has not urinated for six hours.
Because nausea happens for variety of reasons, it is always recommended to have your condition checked by your doctor. Your health provider will then seek hints to the possible cause of nausea using your medical history and medications that you used in the past.
Your doctor will conduct examinations that may include blood pressure testing, abdominal exams, blood test, and neurological examination or other test, subject to you present symptoms and other medical records. For women, pregnancy test should also be done.
If you had a recent head injury, the doctor may require a brain imaging test or CT scan. Note that there is no all- purpose medicine for nausea; successful treatment hangs on identification of cause.