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The release of the egg out of your ovary is called ovulation. If your menstrual cycle have an average of 28 days, the ovulation usually happens around fourteenth day of your cycle. But if your menstruation is not regular, the ovulation differs as well. Therefore, it is significant to comprehend your menstrual cycle to optimize your probability of getting pregnant. Once the egg is released, it will take its journey to the fallopian tubes and bides to encounter the worthy sperm.
Timing is crucial because the healthy egg can only stay and wait for only up to 12-24 hours. The egg will begin to degrade speedily and the likelihood of getting pregnant will be narrow. However there are several days each month that you are fertile, you are just best and much fertile within the period of your ovulation. I suggest that you keep an ovulation chart or diary where you keep your records of your menstrual periods, the day they started and the day that they ended.
The first detail in the chart should be the first day of your menstrual period. So, D1 is the first day of your menstrual period and D14 will be your ovulation period since ovulation typically happens 14 days after the start of menstrual period. Ovulation is like an open window of occasion each month where the egg is most viable and is open to do business that will lead to fertilization and pregnancy.
By being attentive to your body, you can feel when you are fertile and just about to ovulate. Perhaps, you can frisk the expensive and complicated methods of portending ovulation by using the genuine cues of your body.
Image source : Wikipedia by author OpenStax College shared under CC BY 3.0
Here are some of the ovulation body cues:Pregnancy week by week
1) Cervical Mucus
A lot of changes with your cervical mucus happens throughout the cycle of your menstruation. You can most likely to predict where you at in your cycle and when ovulation may happen if you closely observe the changes in your mucus. Cervical mucus adapts is the most popular telltale signal of upcoming ovulation. Throughout ovulation, your cervical mucus will become stringy, similar to egg white that is elastic-like in appearance. You can examine your mucus quantity and quality by either wiping your cervical opening with toilet paper or placing two clean finger nails into the opening of your vagina.
After your menstrual period there will be days of dryness and absence of cervical mucus but it will definitely increase as ovulation comes near. The texture of dry will advance in to a sticky and wet like an egg white. Colors may vary too, from yellowish, cloudy, clear, and transparent. Once you get the feeling that your cervical mucus is like a raw egg whites, it is a signal that you will definitely ovulate soon. The chief object of cervical mucus in fertility is to provide a support to sperm so that it can slide easily through the vagina and meet the awaiting egg.
Researchers show that the ovulation transpires on the day a woman possesses the maximum amount of cervical mucus. As you get older, the lesser days you will have EWCM or egg-white cervical mucus. A woman that is in her 20’s can experience egg-white cervical mucus for five days while woman in her 30’s can only have two or even one day of egg-white cervical mucus. Note that it may be difficult for you to tell if you are having EWCM if you are taking medicines that can cause to dry your cervical mucus like antihistamines.
2) Basal Body Temperature
You will need to have a special kind of thermometer called basal thermometer which is specifically made for getting temperatures that have smaller oscillations than usual. There are many fertility thermometers in the market but it doesn’t matter as long as what you have is basal thermometer. You need to chart your menstrual cycle while keeping track of your temperature every single morning when you wake up before jumping out bed, it is best to do it same time every day.
You can opt to use an alarm clock to help you wake up same time every day. Ensure that the first day recorded in your chart is the precise first day of your menstrual period and make sure that you are using the same thermometer each time. You will recognize that your body temperature will rise up to 0.4 to 0.6 degrees Fahrenheit or around 0.2 degrees Celsius after you have ovulated.
The temperature will also shift a little on the day of your ovulation. Keeping a record of you basal body temperature for a few months will help you improve in identifying your ovulation and increase the possibility of getting pregnant by securing the timing of your intercourse correctly. I know it is quite confusing but the point is your basal body temperature will hit its lowest point at ovulation and will instantly and dramatically rise as soon as ovulation ensues.
Keeping track of your cycle for a few months will help you determine the pattern of your menstrual cycles, thus it will help you anticipate when ovulation will take its place in the future months.
3) Breasts is Tender
The level of progesterone goes up right after your ovulation and if you are keeping fertility record. The increase of progesterone can be the cause of the tenderness of your breast. However I cannot consider this sign so reliable because the breast tenderness can occur before or after the ovulation, before menstruation, or sometimes because of some fertility medications.
4) Mittelshmerz or Ovulation Pain
In German, it means middle (mittel) pain (schmerz). Around twenty percent of women feel pain while ovulation and it is called Mittelshmerz. It is a possible caused of egg breaking over the follicle throughout ovulation. Cramping also happens when the fallopian tube contracts to stir the egg downward the fallopian tube toward the uterus. It is common for a woman to feel the cramp or pain on one side only depending on which side of the uterus is ovulating and usually last for a few hours.
It is significant to understand that although Mittelshmerz is a sign of ovulation, it is not normal to have a feeling of pain though a mild sensation can be considered as normal. In fact it could be an indication that you have adhesions caused by previous surgery in the abdomen or ovarian cyst or other health issues.
Make sure to consult a doctor right away most especially if you are working on getting pregnant as the pain can be the symptom of medical issue that results infertility.
5) Look to your calendar
Normally the ovulation happens halfway through the menstrual cycle. Count from the first day of your menstrual period up to the first day of your next menstrual period to know your cycle. The normal range of cycle is between twenty three days to thirty five days. Sometimes your cycle may slightly differ from month to month so keeping a cycle chart will be very helpful to identify your ovulation. By having a record or chart you will be able to identify what is normal to you.
If your menstrual cycle is regular then this method will be the easiest way of telling ovulation as it will only require counting the days. For example, if your cycle is at exactly 28 days, then your ovulation will take its place at day 14; or if your cycles are exactly at 32 days, then ovulation will occur at day 16. If your cycles are not regular then you should try the other ways or watch out for other signs.
6) Changes in Cervical Position and Firmness
Throughout ovulation, the cervix becomes smooth, elevated, open, and moist. Checking your cervical position and firmness is such a helpful way of identifying when ovulation is at hand. You will probably need a several cycles to grasp the feel and differentiate the states that the cervix exhibits. Give yourself a few cycles to get the hang of it. Check your cervix’ position at the similar time every day because the position of your cervix frequently varies and do not stay in one place all day.
Always clean your hands before checking your cervix. If you are not fertile you will feel your cervix to be in a low position, tough just like the crest of your nose and dry. If you are fertile you will feel that your cervix is high as it will be difficult to reach, soft like an ear lobe, more open, and wet. Giving attention to these signs can be challenging but it is a great and reliable way to find out if you are ovulating.
7) Increased Sex Drive
Researchers have studied women and the relationship of their sex drive to ovulation. They tracked the key hormone (called LH) that floods just prior to ovulation and when the women had sexual intercourse. They discovered that women were further likely to have sex about the time of ovulation which also when they have a higher level of LH.
This boost of libido approaches a couple of days prior to your ovulation, which is the perfect time to have sexual intercourse if you are planning to get pregnant.
8) Light Spotting
If you noticed a light spotting in the middle of your cycle do not think it as a leftover from your menstrual period but there is a good possibility that it is sign of high fertility. This spotting often occurs when the egg outburst over the follicle while ovulating. Light spotting can also occur just prior or after the ovulation as an outcome of hormonal changes.
9) Abdominal Bloating
It is around ovulation that you may experience bloating or retaining water, very like the kind of bloating you experience before your menstrual period. It is because of the hormonal changes that happens during the ovulation why you are bloating and seems to keeping so much water inside your abdomen.
It can be either something you will like if you are planning to get pregnant and dreadful if you are not. But do not worry, it won’t last very long.