Yeast Infection during Pregnancy

A woman is more prone to have yeast infections during pregnancy most especially when you reach your second trimester. This is a normal symptom of pregnancy. If you noticed that you are increasing in the amount of white thin with odd smell discharged, chances that you already have a yeast infections.

Although yeast infection does not have a significant danger on pregnancy, it is often challenging to control the discomfort that it brings. This article will provide you with necessary information about yeast infections and how to deal with it.

What is a Yeast Infection?

Once the normal levels of your acid and yeast in the sacred area of your vagina are out of balance, which will cause yeast to overspread resulting an uncomfortable, though not serious, state called yeast infection. This kind of infection is also known as monilial vaginitis or vaginal candidiasis. It is normal to have a particular amount of yeast in the vagina and also in the intestinal tract. It only becomes a real concern once it grows rapidly that it becomes overwhelming for the other microorganisms and making them unable to compete with the level of the yeast. Researchers say that during pregnancy, a woman’s body produces a higher level of estrogen which causes the vagina to bring about more glycogen, causing the yeast to grow more easily.

What causes yeast infection during pregnancy

The yeast infection can be provoked by one or several of the following factors:

Pregnancy week by week
  • Hormonal changes that occurs during pregnancy.
  • Taking steroids or antibiotics.
  • Diabetes or high levels of blood sugar.
  • Taking birth control doses or hormones drugs.
  • Semen or blood.
  • Vaginal intercourse.

A woman’s body changes in number of ways when pregnant. An increase in cervical discharge is just one of those changes. If your discharge is white, clear, and without odor, it means that it is because of the pregnancy hormones that are going crazy during this time which also a signal that your vagina is healthy.

But there are times that excessive discharge creates infection, which happens once the natural harmony of bacteria that resides in the vaginal area is disrupted. The higher level of estrogen your body produces during pregnancy can cause your cervical to develop more glycogen which makes it easier for the yeast to grow more rapidly. Some of the researchers suspect that estrogen may have a direct impact on yeast making it grow faster and bind more readily to the vagina walls.

Pregnant women are also more likely to get yeast infections when they are taking antibiotics, most particularly if you are drinking antibiotic frequently or for a long period of time. It is because antibiotic has the ability to kill not just the bacteria that they are targeting but also the normal protective bacteria in your cervix can be affected, causing the years to grow rapidly.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Yeast Infections?

  • Discharge that are white, just like a cottage cheese that also smells like bread or yeast.
  • Other discharges are yellowish or greenish, also same as cottage cheese and may also smells like bread or yeast.
  • Abundant amount of discharge.
  • Itching, redness, soreness, burning, or irritation of the borders of the vagina and labia.
  • A burning sensation and discomfort during sexual intercourse or during urination.

How Can You Make Sure If You Have A Yeast Infection? How Are They Going To Diagnose You?

  • In most cases a doctor can diagnose a yeast infection with a simple vaginal exam but if he or she is unsure, the doctor may get a sample of your vaginal discharge and send it to the lab for examination.
  • At the medical clinic or your health care office, the clinician will use a painless swab to remove secretions or vaginal discharge. They will mix the sample with a few amount of potassium hydroxide, place it on a glass slide, and will then view it under the microscope. If the sample is found to have hyphae, branching tubular cells of a fungi and a budding clusters of yeast it indicates that a patient is positive to have a yeast infection.
  • By this simple procedure of vaginal examination, the doctor can usually diagnose if you have a yeast infection.
  • The microscopic examination of the vaginal discharge is done to particularly confirm which kind of yeast infection the patient have and to gauge how severe the infection is.
  • A diagnostic examination can also be used to identify that there is no existing bacterial infection in the vagina which is called Bacterial Vaginosis. It is also used to make sure that the patient does not have STD like Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, or Trichomoniasis. In cases that the patient has Trichomoniasis, her partner is going to need to undergo a medical examination as well.

What Are The Things That You Can Do When You Think You Have Yeast Infections?

If you suspect that you have a yeast infection, make sure not to use any antifungal medication that is available over the counter at any drug store. It is always not a good idea to diagnose you own self and try to treat yourself with any kind of medication without seeing your health provider first.

Note that your symptoms can be because of something else and not just yeast infection. It can be a signal of sexually transmitted infection along with yeast. According to studies that have been conducted about women who treat themselves with a presumed yeast infection failed to track the real cause and as an outcome, they usually put off obtaining appropriate medication.

It is important that the recommendation and prescriptions came from your health care provider to make sure you and the baby are safe. Your doctor will give you a proper prescription of a specific over-the-counter antifungal cream for the vagina or a suppository that is safe for pregnant women.

What Are The Different Consequences Of A Yeast Infection?

  • A yeast infection will not cause a harmful effect to a developing baby inside the womb. But once you go into labor, there is a probability that the newborn will contract it as he or she goes through the birth canal, once the baby does, he or she may develop a yeast infection in the mouth, also known as thrush. Thrush is described as having white patches on the sides or roof of the baby’s mouth and sometimes even on the tongue. However, thrush is also not a serious health issue and it can be treated easily. Note that the baby can acquire thrush even if the mother has no yeast infection.
  • Once the baby develop a thrush in the mouth, your baby can transmit the infection back to the mother during breastfeeding which is then be a breast yeast infection.
  • When a patient has HIV infection, yeast infections can cause a serious complication such as gastrointestinal tract infections and may even have the possibility of spreading into the bloodstream. If it spread throughout the body, yeast infection can be serious and can be a potentially fatal disease.

How To Reduce The Chances Of Getting A Yeast Infection?

It is always being said that prevention is better than cure, so pay attention with the following lists on how to avoid having yeast infections:

  1. Make sure to wear loose, cotton and breathable outfits. Purchase underwear that is cotton fabrics as well.
  2. Avoid panty hose and tight pants.
  3. You can even try to sleep at night without wearing underwear to allow air circulation in your genital area.
  4. After thorough and regular washing, use a blow dryer on cool setting to dry the genital area.
  5. Make sure to wipe your genital area in a front to back direction after urinating.
  6. Do not remain in wet or damp clothing. Take a shower without delay and dry your genital area after swimming or working out.
  7. Do not use feminine hygienic sprays, tampons, or sanitary pads that have deodorant.
  8. Use warm water in cleaning your genital area.
  9. Do not douche. Even if you are not pregnant it, is not advisable to douche.
  10. Do not use colored or perfumed toilet paper.
  11. Avoid perfumed soaps and scented laundry detergent.
  12. Limit sugar intake which promotes the growth of yeast.
  13. Include yogurt or dairy products that contain lactobacillus acidophilus.
  14. Have a plenty of time to rest to take care of your immune system which will make it easier for your body system to fight infections.
  15. Another important thing to do is to make sure that you do not delay contacting your health care provider once you think that you have symptoms of yeast infections. The earlier you consult and treat the yeast infection the better it is for you.

In Case You Already Have A Yeast Infection, How It Is Being Treated While Pregnant?

  • When pregnant, your doctor will only recommend the use of suppositories and vaginal creams only. It is because the oral medication has not yet proven to be safe during pregnancy and lactation.
  • Once you are using suppositories or vaginal cream, you have to be consistent to ensure its effectiveness. It may take ten to fourteen days before you feel total relief and before the infection clear up completely.
  • Once the infection is healed and cleared up, your doctor may recommend using a starch-free drying powder to prevent recurrence of infection.
  • Although yeast infection can be easily treated with several over-the-counter antifungal creams or suppositories, be sure to contact your doctor first and have it examine to confirm if it is really a yeast infection and how severe it is, with that, the doctor will know which type of medication is applicable for you to use. Do not use non-prescribed medicines to cure yeast infections.

Natural Treatments That You Can Use To Treat Yeasts Infections

  • Apply a few teaspoon of yogurt to the vaginal area or the affected area to help lessen the pain and irritation.
  • Garlic cloves. Garlic is famous to have anti-fungal properties that will help fight yeast overgrowth. Use it in cooking or others even reported that it is more effective if you use it as suppositories during the night and remove it in the morning.
  • Apple cider vinegar. You can add a few teaspoons of apple cider vinegar in your bath water.
  • Baking soda in your bath water and soaking in it for a few minutes can also work some wonders.

These lists of natural remedies are things that you can use to lessen the irritation and pain. However, there is no scientific evidence to prove the efficacy of these natural remedies and so it is still most advisable to check with your doctor or your midwife to be sure which type of treatment you should use.